Tubastatin A Hydrochloride(Synonyms: Tubastatin A HCl; TSA HCl)

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Tubastatin A Hydrochloride (Synonyms: Tubastatin A HCl; TSA HCl) 纯度: 98.21%

Tubastatin A Hydrochloride 是一种有效的,选择性的 HDAC6 抑制剂,IC50 值为 15 nM,对其选择性是 HDAC8 外的其他亚型的 1000 多倍。

Tubastatin A Hydrochloride(Synonyms: Tubastatin A HCl;  TSA HCl)

Tubastatin A Hydrochloride Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1310693-92-5

规格 价格 是否有货 数量
Free Sample (0.1-0.5 mg)   Apply now  
10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO ¥500 In-stock
5 mg ¥410 In-stock
10 mg ¥650 In-stock
50 mg ¥810 In-stock
100 mg ¥1450 In-stock
200 mg ¥2500 In-stock
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生物活性

Tubastatin A (Hydrochloride) is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay, and is selective (1000-fold more) against all other isozymes except HDAC8 (57-fold more).

IC50 & Target

HDAC6

15 nM (IC50)

HDAC8

854 nM (IC50)

HDAC1

16400 nM (IC50)

体外研究
(In Vitro)

Tubastatin A is substantially selective for all 11 HDAC isoforms and maintains over 1000-fold selectivity against all isoforms excluding HDAC8, where it has approximately 57-fold selectivity. In homocysteic acid (HCA) induced neurodegeneration assays, Tubastatin A displays dose-dependent protection against HCA-induced neuronal cell death starting at 5 μM with near complete protection at 10 μM[1]. At 100 ng/mL Tubastatin A increases Foxp3+ T-regulatory cells (Tregs) suppression of T cell proliferation in vitro[2]. Tubastatin A treatment in CC12 cells would lead to myotube formation impairment when alpha-tubulin is hyperacetylated early in the myogenic process; however, myotube elongation occurs when alpha-tubulin is hyeperacetylated in myotubes[3]. A recent study indicates that Tubastatin A treatment increases cell elasticity as revealed by atomic force microscopy (AFM) tests without exerting drastic changes to the actin microfilament or microtubule networks in mouse ovarian cancer cell lines, MOSE-E and MOSE-L[4].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内研究
(In Vivo)

Daily treatment of Tubastatin A at 0.5 mg/kg inhibits HDAC6 to promote Tregs suppressive activity in mouse models of inflammation and autoimmunity, including multiple forms of experimental colitis and fully major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-incompatible cardiac allograft rejection[2].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

分子量

371.86

Formula

C20H22ClN3O2

CAS 号

1310693-92-5

运输条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

储存方式

4°C, sealed storage, away from moisture

*In solvent : -80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture)

溶解性数据
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 10.8 mg/mL (29.04 mM; Need ultrasonic and warming)

H2O : 6.67 mg/mL (17.94 mM; Need ultrasonic)

配制储备液
浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 2.6892 mL 13.4459 mL 26.8918 mL
5 mM 0.5378 mL 2.6892 mL 5.3784 mL
10 mM 0.2689 mL 1.3446 mL 2.6892 mL

*

请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month (sealed storage, away from moisture)。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

In Vivo:

请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

  • 1.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 5% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    50% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.62 mg/mL (7.05 mM); Clear solution

  • 2.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 5% DMSO    95% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.62 mg/mL (7.05 mM); Clear solution

  • 3.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (5.59 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (5.59 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

    将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液

  • 4.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (5.59 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (5.59 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

    将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
  • 5.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (5.59 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (5.59 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

  • 6.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 1% DMSO    99% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 0.52 mg/mL (1.40 mM); Clear solution

*以上所有助溶剂都可在 上海金畔生物科技有限公司 网站选购。
参考文献
  • [1]. Kyle V. Butler et al. Rational Design and Simple Chemistry Yield a Superior, Neuroprotective HDAC6 Inhibitor, Tubastatin A J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 132 (31), pp 10842-10846

    [2]. de Zoeten EF, et al. Histone deacetylase 6 and heat shock protein 90 control the functions of Foxp3(+) T-regulatory cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2011 May;31(10):2066-78.

    [3]. Di Fulvio S, et al. Dysferlin interacts with histone deacetylase 6 and increases alpha-tubulin acetylation. PLoS One. 2011;6(12):e28563

    [4]. Ketene AN, et al. Actin filaments play a primary role for structural integrity and viscoelastic response in cells. Integr Biol (Camb). 2012 May;4(5):540-9.

    [5]. Brijmohan AS, et al. HDAC6 Inhibition Promotes Transcription Factor EB Activation and Is Protective in Experimental Kidney Disease. Front Pharmacol. 2018 Feb 1;9:34.

Kinase Assay
[1]

Enzyme inhibition assays are performed using the Reaction Biology HDAC Spectrum platform. The HDAC1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 assays use isolated recombinant human protein; HDAC3/NcoR2 complex is used for the HDAC3 assay. Substrate for HDAC1, 2, 3, 6, 10, and 11 assays is a fluorogenic peptide from p53 residues 379-382 (RHKKAc); substrate for HDAC8 is fluorogenic diacyl peptide based on residues 379-382 of p53 (RHKAcKAc). Acetyl-Lys (trifluoroacetyl)-AMC substrate is used for HDAC4, 5, 7, and 9 assays. Tubastatin A is dissolved in DMSO and tested in 10-dose IC50 mode with 3-fold serial dilution starting at 30 μM. Control Compound Trichostatin A (TSA) is tested in a 10-dose IC50 with 3-fold serial dilution starting at 5 μM. IC50 values are extracted by curve-fitting the dose/response slopes.

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[1]

Primary cortical neuron cultures are obtained from the cerebral cortex of fetal Sprague-Dawley rats (embryonic day 17). All experiments are initiated 24 hours after plating. Under these conditions, the cells are not susceptible to glutamate-mediated excitotoxicity. For cytotoxicity studies, cells are rinsed with warm PBS and then placed in minimum essential medium containing 5.5 g/L glucose, 10% fetal calf serum, 2 mM L-glutamine, and 100 μM cystine. Oxidative stress is induced by the addition of the glutamate analogue homocysteate (HCA; 5 mM) to the media. HCA is diluted from 100-fold concentrated solutions that are adjusted to pH 7.5. In combination with HCA, neurons are treated with Tubastatin A at the indicated concentrations. Viability is assessed after 24 hours by MTT assay (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) method.

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

The effects of HDAC6 targeting in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) and adoptive transfer models of colitis are evaluated, using 10 mice per group. Freshly prepared 4% (wt/vol) DSS is added daily for 5 days to the pH-balanced tap water of WT B6 mice. Mice are treated daily for 7 days with tubacin or niltubacin (0.5 mg/kg of body weight/day, i.p.), and colitis is assessed by daily monitoring of body weight, stool consistency, and fecal blood. Stool consistency is scored as 0 (hard), 2 (soft), or 4 (diarrhea), and fecal blood (Hemoccult) is scored as 0 (absent), 2 (occult), or 4 (gross). To assess prevention of colitis in a T cell-dependent model, CD4+ CD45RBhi T cells (1×106) isolated from WT mice using magnetic beads (>95% cell purity, flow cytometry) are injected i.p. into B6/Rag1−/− mice plus CD4+ CD25+ Tregs (1.25×105) isolated using magnetic beads from HDAC6−/− or WT mice (>90% Treg purity, flow cytometry) and mice are monitored biweekly for clinical evidence of colitis. To assess therapy of established T cell-dependent colitis, B6/Rag1−/− mice are injected i.p. with CD4+ CD45RBhi cells (1×106). Once colitis has developed, mice also receive CD4+ CD25+ Tregs (5×105 cells) isolated as described above from HDAC6−/− or WT mice or treatment with HDAC6i (tubastatin A) or HSP90i (17-AAG). Mice are monitored for continued weight loss and stool consistency. At the cessation of the study, paraffin sections of colons stained with Alcian Blue or hematoxylin and eosin are graded histologically or evaluated by immunoperoxidase staining for Foxp3+ Treg infiltration.

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

参考文献
  • [1]. Kyle V. Butler et al. Rational Design and Simple Chemistry Yield a Superior, Neuroprotective HDAC6 Inhibitor, Tubastatin A J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 132 (31), pp 10842-10846

    [2]. de Zoeten EF, et al. Histone deacetylase 6 and heat shock protein 90 control the functions of Foxp3(+) T-regulatory cells. Mol Cell Biol. 2011 May;31(10):2066-78.

    [3]. Di Fulvio S, et al. Dysferlin interacts with histone deacetylase 6 and increases alpha-tubulin acetylation. PLoS One. 2011;6(12):e28563

    [4]. Ketene AN, et al. Actin filaments play a primary role for structural integrity and viscoelastic response in cells. Integr Biol (Camb). 2012 May;4(5):540-9.

    [5]. Brijmohan AS, et al. HDAC6 Inhibition Promotes Transcription Factor EB Activation and Is Protective in Experimental Kidney Disease. Front Pharmacol. 2018 Feb 1;9:34.

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