Carglumic Acid(Synonyms: N-Carbamyl-L-glutamic acid)

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Carglumic Acid (Synonyms: N-Carbamyl-L-glutamic acid) 纯度: ≥98.0%

Carglumic acid (N-Carbamyl-L-glutamic acid) 是 N-乙酰谷氨酸 (NAG) 的功能类似物和氨甲酰磷酸合成酶 1 (CPS1) 的活化剂,用于研究与 N-乙酰谷氨酸合成酶 (NAGS) 缺陷相关的急性和慢性高氨血症。

Carglumic Acid(Synonyms: N-Carbamyl-L-glutamic acid)

Carglumic Acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 1188-38-1

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10 mM * 1 mL in DMSO ¥550 In-stock
200 mg ¥500 In-stock
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生物活性

Carglumic acid (N-Carbamyl-L-glutamic acid), a functional analogue of N-acetylglutamate (NAG) and a carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1) activator, is used to treat acute and chronic hyperammonemia associated with NAG synthase (NAGS) deficiency.

IC50 & Target

CPS1[1]

体外研究
(In Vitro)

Carglumic acid suppresses cell viability in the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cell lines, triple-negative breast cancer cell lines, hepatoma cell lines, and human non-small cell lung carcinoma cell lines in a dose-dependent manner. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of Carglumic acid against those cell lines is between 5 and 7.5 mM. The results show that Carglumic acid does not induce complete cell cycle arrest. Instead, there are more sub-G1 cells among Carglumic acid-treated AsPC1 and MDA-MB-231 cells than among untreated cells. In AsPC1 and HPDE-E6E7 cells, the IC50s of Carglumic acid are 5 mM and over 10 mM, respectively . In MDA-MB-231 and MCF-12A cells, the IC50s of Carglumic acid are 5 mM and 6 mM, respectively[1].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内研究
(In Vivo)

The results show that Carglumic acid, but not the vehicle control, markedly inhibits tumor growth. In the orthotopic pancreatic cancer model, tumor growth inhibition by Carglumic acid on day 21 is 80% (P<0.01). In the orthotopic triple-negative breast cancer model, tumor growth inhibition by Carglumic acid on day 20 is 82% (P<0.01). These results indicate that Carglumic acid suppresses tumor growth in pancreatic cancer and triple-negative breast cancer. On day 20, mean tumor growth inhibition in orally and intravenously treated mice is 55% and 93%, respectively, relative to untreated mice (P<0.01)[1].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial

分子量

190.15

Formula

C6H10N2O5

CAS 号

1188-38-1

中文名称

卡谷氨酸

运输条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

储存方式
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
溶解性数据
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (525.90 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : 8.33 mg/mL (43.81 mM; Need ultrasonic)

配制储备液
浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 5.2590 mL 26.2950 mL 52.5901 mL
5 mM 1.0518 mL 5.2590 mL 10.5180 mL
10 mM 0.5259 mL 2.6295 mL 5.2590 mL

*

请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

In Vivo:

请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

  • 1.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: PBS

    Solubility: 37.5 mg/mL (197.21 mM); Clear solution; Need ultrasonic

  • 2.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.15 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.15 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

    将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液

  • 3.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.15 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.15 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

    将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
  • 4.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.15 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.15 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

*以上所有助溶剂都可在 上海金畔生物科技有限公司 网站选购。
参考文献
  • [1]. Chen CT, et al. Carglumic acid promotes apoptosis and suppresses cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Am J Cancer Res. 2015 Nov 15;5(12):3560-9.

Kinase Assay
[1]

Caspase activity is measured by using a fluorimetric caspase-3 assay kit. In brief, cells that are treated with Carglumic Acid or that are left untreated are lysed in a lysis buffer, and 50 μg of protein lysate is incubated with Ac-DEVD-AMC substrate in the assay buffer for 1 h. The resultant fluorescence signals are read by using a fluorometer (excitation 360 nm, emission 460 nm), and the results are tabulated as fold changes relative to the untreated control cells[1].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Cell Assay
[1]

Cell viability is evaluated by MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. In brief, various cancer cell lines are seeded (1×104 cells/well) in a 96-well plate and treated with different doses of Carglumic Acid. After 48 h, 50 μL of MTT solution per well (stock solution concentration 5 mg/mL) is added to each well, and the cells are incubated for 2 h more, followed by addition of 100 μL of dimethyl sulfoxide to each well. Absorbance at 570 nm is measured immediately using a multiwell scanner[1].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[1]

For orthotopic cancer models, AsPC1/luc human pancreatic cancer cells (1×106) are injected into the pancreas of nude mice or MDA-MB-231 human triple-negative breast cancer cells (3×106) are injected into the mammary fat pad of nude mice. Carglumic acid is administered to mice 5 days after tumor inoculation in the pancreatic cancer model and 7 days after tumor inoculation in the triple-negative breast cancer model. Tumor-bearing mice receive a Carglumic acid dose of 120 mg/kg orally every day for 10 days, 60 mg/kg orally three times per week for 2 weeks, or 60 mg/kg intravenously three times per week for 2 weeks. Tumor volume is determined by measuring luciferase signals using the in vivo imaging system in the pancreatic cancer model[1].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

参考文献
  • [1]. Chen CT, et al. Carglumic acid promotes apoptosis and suppresses cancer cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. Am J Cancer Res. 2015 Nov 15;5(12):3560-9.

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