Caffeic acid(Synonyms: 咖啡酸)

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Caffeic acid (Synonyms: 咖啡酸) 纯度: 98.71%

Caffeic acid 是 TRPV1 离子通道和 5-脂氧合酶 (5-LO) 的抑制剂。

Caffeic acid(Synonyms: 咖啡酸)

Caffeic acid Chemical Structure

CAS No. : 331-39-5

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生物活性

Caffeic acid is an inhibitor of both TRPV1 ion channel and 5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO).

IC50 & Target

Human Endogenous Metabolite

 

5-LO

 

体外研究
(In Vitro)

Caffeic acid has inhibitory effects on histamine-induced responses and the inhibitory effect of Caffeic acid is gradually increased when the concentration used for pretreatment is increased from 0.1 to 1 mM, similar to typical dose-dependent responses. Pretreatment of HEK293T-TRPV1 cells with 1 mM Caffeic acid results in significant inhibition of capsaicin-induced responses. When lower concentration of Caffeic acid is used, the inhibitory effect for capsaicin-induced responses is less evident. Calcium imaging experiments show that Caffeic acid incubation results in significant inhibition in histamine-sensitive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Pretreatment with Caffeic acid (1 mM) results in a significant decrease in the percentage of responsive DRG neurons to histamine application from 12.5% to 2.1%. Pretreatment with 1 mM Caffeic acid dramatically blocks the allylisothiocyanate (AITC)-induced intracellular calcium increase in TRPA1-expressing cells. Caffeic acid is also able to block the AITC-induced activation of TRPA1[1].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

体内研究
(In Vivo)

Mice pretreated with Caffeic acid (500 mg/kg) exhibit significantly less histamine-induced scratching (30.50±10.87 bouts/1 h, n=6). It is further found that the lower dose of Caffeic acid (100 mg/kg) is not significantly effective in terms of anti-scratching effects in histamine-induced scratching, although there appears to be a tendency of reduction (49.40±12.35 bouts/1 h, n=5). The chloroquine induced scratching is significantly inhibited by pretreatment with 500 mg/kg of Caffeic acid (161.6±31.42 bouts/1 h, n=5)[1].Caffeic acid significantly reduces the expression of 5-LO mRNA (P<0.01) dose-dependently in hippocampus. Compare with the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) non-treated group, 5-LO protein expression is significantly reduced in the I/R-Caffeic acid group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), especially in the I/R-Caffeic acid group (50 mg/kg). Compare with the I/R non-treated group, the latency to find platform is significantly shortened in low- and high-dose Caffeic acid groups, the shortened platform latency is most evident in the I/R- Caffeic acid group (50 mg/kg) (P<0.01). In the low-dose Caffeic acid group, cell injury is still marked, the pyknosis ratio is (63.6±2.8)%, whereas in the high-dose Caffeic acid group, hippocampal neuron karyopyknosis is significantly reduced and the pyknosis ratio is (13.3±3.0)%[2].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Clinical Trial

分子量

180.16

Formula

C9H8O4

CAS 号

331-39-5

中文名称

咖啡酸

运输条件

Room temperature in continental US; may vary elsewhere.

储存方式
Powder -20°C 3 years
4°C 2 years
In solvent -80°C 6 months
-20°C 1 month
溶解性数据
In Vitro: 

DMSO : 100 mg/mL (555.06 mM; Need ultrasonic)

H2O : < 0.1 mg/mL (insoluble)

配制储备液
浓度 溶剂体积 质量 1 mg 5 mg 10 mg
1 mM 5.5506 mL 27.7531 mL 55.5062 mL
5 mM 1.1101 mL 5.5506 mL 11.1012 mL
10 mM 0.5551 mL 2.7753 mL 5.5506 mL

*

请根据产品在不同溶剂中的溶解度选择合适的溶剂配制储备液;一旦配成溶液,请分装保存,避免反复冻融造成的产品失效
储备液的保存方式和期限:-80°C, 6 months; -20°C, 1 month。-80°C 储存时,请在 6 个月内使用,-20°C 储存时,请在 1 个月内使用。

In Vivo:

请根据您的实验动物和给药方式选择适当的溶解方案。以下溶解方案都请先按照 In Vitro 方式配制澄清的储备液,再依次添加助溶剂:

——为保证实验结果的可靠性,澄清的储备液可以根据储存条件,适当保存;体内实验的工作液,建议您现用现配,当天使用; 以下溶剂前显示的百
分比是指该溶剂在您配制终溶液中的体积占比;如在配制过程中出现沉淀、析出现象,可以通过加热和/或超声的方式助溶

  • 1.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% (20% SBE-β-CD in saline)

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.88 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.88 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL 20% 的 SBE-β-CD 生理盐水水溶液中,混合均匀。

    将 2 g 磺丁基醚 β-环糊精加入 5 mL 生理盐水中,再用生理盐水定容至 10 mL,完全溶解,澄清透明
  • 2.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    90% corn oil

    Solubility: ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.88 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.5 mg/mL (13.88 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液,此方案不适用于实验周期在半个月以上的实验。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 25.0 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 900 μL玉米油中,混合均匀。

  • 3.

    请依序添加每种溶剂: 10% DMSO    40% PEG300    5% Tween-80    45% saline

    Solubility: ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (11.55 mM); Clear solution

    此方案可获得 ≥ 2.08 mg/mL (11.55 mM,饱和度未知) 的澄清溶液。

    以 1 mL 工作液为例,取 100 μL 20.8 mg/mL 的澄清 DMSO 储备液加到 400 μL PEG300 中,混合均匀;向上述体系中加入50 μL Tween-80,混合均匀;然后继续加入 450 μL生理盐水定容至 1 mL。

    将 0.9 g 氯化钠,完全溶解于 100 mL ddH₂O 中,得到澄清透明的生理盐水溶液

*以上所有助溶剂都可在 上海金畔生物科技有限公司 网站选购。
参考文献
  • [1]. Pradhananga S, et al. Caffeic acid exhibits anti-pruritic effects by inhibition of multiple itch transmission pathways in mice. Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 Sep 5;762:313-21.

    [2]. Liang G, et al. The protective effect of caffeic acid on global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Behav Brain Funct. 2015 Apr 18;11:18.

Cell Assay
[1]

To determine cell viability, MTT assay is performed. HEK293T cells are cultured in 96-well plate at 37°C, a day before so that the confluence of cell is 85 to 90% on the actual day of the experiment. On the day of the experiment the cells are treated with different concentration of Caffeic acid for 10 min. Control cells are treated only with media. After removing supernatant and washing with PBS, MTT reagent (5 mg/mL) is added directly to fresh media. Cells are then incubated at 37°C for additional 4 h followed by draining of the media and overnight storage in dark condition. The next day, DMSO is added to each well and mixed in shaker for 10 min after which plate is read using microplate recorder at 490 nm with a reference wavelength of 620 nm. The relative cell viability (%) is expressed as a percentage relative to the untreated control cells[1].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

Animal Administration
[2]

Rats are divided into five groups: the sham group (n=9), ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) non-treated group (n=9), I/R-Caffeic acid group (10 mg/kg) (n=9), I/R-Caffeic acid group (30 mg/kg) (n=9) and I/R- Caffeic acid group (50 mg/kg) (n=9). In I/R-Caffeic acid groups, the rats are administrated Caffeic acid at 10, 30, 50 mg/kg (prepared with 0.3% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose) by intraperitoneal injection at 30 min prior to ischemia. The sham group and I/R group are treated with an equal volume of 0.3% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose[2].

上海金畔生物科技有限公司 has not independently confirmed the accuracy of these methods. They are for reference only.

参考文献
  • [1]. Pradhananga S, et al. Caffeic acid exhibits anti-pruritic effects by inhibition of multiple itch transmission pathways in mice. Eur J Pharmacol. 2015 Sep 5;762:313-21.

    [2]. Liang G, et al. The protective effect of caffeic acid on global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. Behav Brain Funct. 2015 Apr 18;11:18.

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